GIAC Systems and Network Auditor
Question No: 131 – (Topic 2)
You are concerned about attackers simply passing by your office, discovering your wireless network, and getting into your network via the wireless connection. Which of the following are NOT steps in securing your wireless connection? (Choose two)
Hardening the server OS
Using either WEP or WPA encryption
MAC filtering on the router
Strong password policies on workstations.
Not broadcasting SSID
Explanation: Both hardening the server OS and using strong password policies on workstations are good ideas, but neither has anything to do with securing your wireless connection. Answer: B is incorrect. Using WEP or WPA is one of the most basic security steps in securing your wireless.
Question No: 132 – (Topic 2)
Which of the following key combinations in the vi editor is used to copy the current line?
Explanation: The yy key combination in the vi editor is used to copy the current line. The vi editor is an interactive, cryptic, and screen-based text editor used to create and edit a file. It operates in either Input mode or Command mode. In Input mode, the vi editor accepts a keystroke as text and displays it on the screen, whereas in Command mode, it interprets keystrokes as commands. As the vi editor is case sensitive, it interprets the same character or characters as different commands, depending upon whether the user enters a lowercase or uppercase character. When a user starts a new session with vi, he must put the editor in Input mode by pressing the quot;Iquot; key. If he is not able to see the entered text on the vi editor#39;s screen, it means that he has not put the editor in Insert mode. The user must change the editor to Input mode before entering any text so that he can see the text he has entered.
Answer: D is incorrect. It deletes next char on the right. Answer: A is incorrect. It deletes the current line and one line above. Answer: C is incorrect. It deletes from the cursor till the end of the line.
Question No: 133 – (Topic 2)
Data mining is a process of sorting through data to identify patterns and establish relationships. Which of the following data mining parameters looks for patterns where one event is connected to another event?
Sequence or path analysis
Explanation: Data mining is a process of sorting through data to identify patterns and establish relationships. Following are the data mining parameters: Association: Looking for patterns where one event is connected to another event. Sequence or path analysis: Looking for patterns where one event leads to another later event. Classification: Looking for new patterns (may result in a change in the way the data is organized but is acceptable). Clustering: Finding and visually documenting groups of facts not previously known. Forecasting: Discovering patterns in data that can lead to reasonable predictions about the future (This area of data mining is known as predictive analytics).
Question No: 134 – (Topic 2)
In which of the following social engineering attacks does an attacker first damage any part of the target#39;s equipment and then advertise himself as an authorized person who can help fix the problem.
Reverse social engineering attack
Important user posing attack
In person attack
Explanation: A reverse social engineering attack is a person-to-person attack in which an attacker convinces the target that he or she has a problem or might have a certain problem in the future and that he, the attacker, is ready to help solve the problem. Reverse social engineering is performed through the following steps: An attacker first damages the target#39;s equipment. He next advertises himself as a person of authority, ably skilled in solving that problem. In this step, he gains the trust of the target and obtains access to sensitive information.
If this reverse social engineering is performed well enough to convince the target, he often calls the attacker and asks for help. Answer: B, C, D are incorrect. Person-to-Person social engineering works on the personal level. It can be classified as follows: Impersonation: In the impersonation social engineering attack, an attacker pretends to be someone else, for example, the employee#39;s friend, a repairman, or a delivery person. In Person Attack: In this attack, the attacker just visits the organization and collects information. To accomplish such an attack, the attacker can call a victim on the phone, or might simply walk into an office
and pretend to be a client or a new worker. Important User Posing: In this attack, the attacker pretends to be an important member of the organization. This attack works because there is a common belief that it is not good to question authority. Third-Party Authorization: In this attack, the attacker tries to make the victim believe that he has the approval of a third party. This works because people believe that most people are good and they are being truthful about what they are saying.
Question No: 135 – (Topic 2)
Which of the following commands can be used to find out where commands are located?
Explanation: The which and type commands can be used to find out where commands are located.
Question No: 136 – (Topic 2)
Which of the following applications work as mass-emailing worms? (Choose two)
I LOVE YOU virus
Explanation: The Nimda and I LOVE YOU viruses work as mass-emailing worms.
Question No: 137 – (Topic 2)
Which of the following text editing tools can be used to edit text files without having to open them?
Explanation: The Unix utility sed (stream editor) is a text editing tool that can be used to edit text files without having to open them. This utility parses text files and implements a programming language which can apply textual transformations to such files. It reads input files line by line (sequentially), applying the operation which has been specified via the command line (or a sed script), and then outputs the line. Answer: D is incorrect. The more command is used to view (but not modify) the contents of a text file on the terminal screen at a time. The syntax of the more command is as follows: more [options] file_name Where,
C:\Documents and Settings\user-nwz\Desktop\1.JPG
Answer: A is incorrect. The less command is used to view (but not change) the contents of a text file, one screen at a time. It is similar to the more command. However, it has the extended capability of allowing both forwarB, Dackward navigation through the file. Unlike most Unix text editors/viewers, less does not need to read the entire file before starting; therefore, it has faster load times with large files. The command syntax of the less command is as follows: less [options] file_name Where,
C:\Documents and Settings\user-nwz\Desktop\1.JPG
Answer: C is incorrect. The vi editor is an interactive, cryptic, and screen-based text editor used to create and edit a file. It operates in either Input mode or Command mode. In Input
mode, the vi editor accepts a keystroke as text and displays it on the screen, whereas in Command mode, it interprets keystrokes as commands. As the vi editor is case sensitive, it interprets the same character or characters as different commands, depending upon whether the user enters a lowercase or uppercase character. When a user starts a new session with vi, he must put the editor in Input mode by pressing the quot;Iquot; key. If he is not able to see the entered text on the vi editor#39;s screen, it means that he has not put the editor in Insert mode. The user must change the editor to Input mode before entering any text so that he can see the text he has entered.
Question No: 138 – (Topic 2)
You work as a Software Developer for UcTech Inc. You want to ensure that a class is informed whenever an attribute is added, removed, or replaced in a session. Which of the following is the event that you will use to accomplish the task?
Explanation: To be informed whenever an attribute is added, removed, or replaced in a session, a class must have a method with HttpSessionBindingEvent as its attribute. The HttpSessionBindingEvent class extends the HttpSessionEvent class. The HttpSessionBindingEvent class is used with the following listeners: HttpSessionBindingListener: It notifies the attribute when it is bound or unbound from a session. HttpSessionAttributeListener: It notifies the class when an attribute is bound, unbound, or replaced in a session. The session binds the object by a call to the HttpSession.setAttribute() method and unbinds the object by a call to the HttpSession.removeAttribute() method. Answer: C is incorrect. The HttpSessionEvent is associated with the HttpSessionListener interface and HttpSessionActivationListener.
Question No: 139 – (Topic 2)
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is a security protocol for wireless local area networks (WLANs). It has two components, authentication and encryption. It provides security equivalent to wired networks for wireless networks. WEP encrypts data on a wireless network by using a fixed secret key. Which of the following statements are true about WEP?
WEP uses the RC4 encryption algorithm.
The Initialization Vector (IV) field of WEP is only 24 bits long.
It provides better security than the Wi-Fi Protected Access protocol.
Automated tools such as AirSnort are available for discovering WEP keys.
Explanation: Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is a security protocol for wireless local area networks (WLANs). It has two components, authentication and encryption. It provides security equivalent to wired networks for wireless networks. WEP encrypts data on a wireless network by using a fixed secret key. WEP uses the RC4 encryption algorithm. The main drawback of WEP is that its Initialization Vector (IV) field is only 24 bits long. Many automated tools such as AirSnort are available for discovering WEP keys. Answer: C is incorrect. WPA stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access. It is a wireless security standard. It provides better security than WEP (Wired Equivalent Protection). Windows Vista supports both WPA-PSK and WPA-EAP. Each of these is described as follows: WPA-PSK: PSK stands for Preshared key. This standard is meant for home environment. WPA-PSK requires a user to enter an 8- character to 63-character passphrase into a wireless client.
The WPA converts the passphrase into a 256-bit key. WPA-EAP: EAP stands for Extensible Authentication Protocol. This standard relies on a back-end server that runs Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service for user authentication. Note: Windows Vista supports a user to use a smart card to connect to a WPA-EAP protected network.
Question No: 140 – (Topic 2)
Victor works as a professional Ethical Hacker for SecureEnet Inc. He wants to scan the wireless network of the company. He uses a tool that is a free open-source utility for network exploration. The tool uses raw IP packets to determine the following: What ports are open on our network systems. What hosts are available on the network. Identify unauthorized wireless access points. What services (application name and version) those hosts are offering. What operating systems (and OS versions) they are running. What type of packet filters/firewalls are in use. Which of the following tools is Victor using?
Explanation: Nmap is a free open-source utility for network exploration and security auditing. It is used to discover computers and services on a computer network, thus creating a quot;mapquot; of the network. Just like many simple port scanners, Nmap is capable of discovering passive services. In addition, Nmap may be able to determine various details about the remote computers. These include operating system, device type, uptime, software product used to run a service, exact version number of that product, presence of some firewall techniques and, on a local area network, even vendor of the remote network card. Nmap runs on Linux, Microsoft Windows etc. Answer: D is incorrect. Kismet is a Linux-based 802.11 wireless network sniffer and intrusion detection system. It can work with any wireless card that supports raw monitoring (rfmon) mode. Kismet can sniff 802.11b, 802.11a, 802.11g, and 802.11n traffic. Kismet can be used for the following tasks: To identify networks by passively collecting packets To detect standard named networks To detect masked networks To collect the presence of non-beaconing networks via data traffic Answer: A is incorrect. Nessus is proprietary comprehensive vulnerability scanning software. It is free of charge for personal use in a non-enterprise environment. Its goal is to detect potential vulnerabilities on the tested systems. It is capable of checking various types of vulnerabilities, some of which are as follows: Vulnerabilities that allow a remote cracker to control or access sensitive data on a system. Misconfiguration (e.g. open mail relay, missing patches, etc). Default passwords, a few common passwords, and blank/absent passwords on some system accounts. Nessus can also call Hydra (an external tool) to launch a dictionary attack. Denials of service against the TCP/IP stack by using mangled packets. Answer: B is incorrect. A sniffer is a software tool that is used to capture any network traffic. Since a sniffer changes the NIC of the LAN card into promiscuous mode, the NIC begins to record incoming and outgoing data traffic across the network. A sniffer attack is a passive attack because the attacker does not directly connect with the target host. This attack is most often used to grab logins and passwords from network traffic. Tools such as Ethereal, Snort, Windump, EtherPeek, Dsniff are some good examples of sniffers. These tools provide many facilities to users such as graphical user interface, traffic statistics graph, multiple sessions tracking, etc.
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